Aikido Terms and Glossary Aiki: Blending, harmony, unification, synchrony. Arigato Gozaimas: Thank you very much. Atemi: Striking techniques; designed to control or cause Uke to react. Boken: Wooden training sword, shaped like a Japanese katana. Do: The Way, or Path. Dojo: The place where the way is revealed. A place for the strengthening and refinement of spirit, mind and body. Gokyo: ‘Fifth Technqiue’ – a wrist and elbow control, usually against a knife. Hakama: Formal, wide pleated pants worn over the dogi (uniform). Hanmi: The relaxed triangular stance of Aikido, with one foot forward. Hanmi Handachi: Techniques practiced with nage sitting and uke standing. Ikkyo: ‘First Technique’, an arm control. Irimi: Entering, moving into and through the line of attack Jiyu Waza: Freestyle technique. In testing usually against one opponent. Jo: Short staff. Jo dori: Techniques of staff taking. Kaitennage: ‘Wheel throw’ – pressing uke’s arm behind and over their back. Kamae: Natural ‘readiness’ stance. With a weapon: Jodan kamae – high position; Chudan kamae- middle position; Gedan kamae – lower position. Kata dori: Shoulder grab. Katate dori: Wrist grab. Katate dori ryote mochi: Grabbing your partner’s wrist with both hands. Keiko: Study or practice, to refine our spirit. Kohai: Junior student. Those who begin their study of Aikido after you. Kokyu: The power of breath, renewal of life force. Also, timing or rhythm. Kokyu Tanden Ho: Paired, two-hand grab sitting exercise. Kosa dori: Cross hand grab. Koshi Nage: ‘Hip Throw’. Kotaegaeshi: ‘Returning Wrist’ – a wrist-turning throw to the rear. Kubi shime: A choke hold. Kumi Jo: Paired jo practice. Kumi Tachi: Paired sword practice. Kyu: White belt grade. Munetsuki: A straight punch to the chest or solar plexus. Nage: A throw. One who throws. Nikkyo: ‘Second Techqnique’ – a wrist joint-lock control. Omote: To the front. O Sensei: Great teacher – the title used for the Founder of Aikido. Randori: Free technique against multiple attack. Rei: To bow. Ryote dori: Grabbing both wrists. Ryokata dori: Grabbing both shoulders. Sankyo: ‘Third Technique’, a wrist-joint twisting technique. Sempai: Senior student: Those who began their study of Aikido before you. Seiza: Formal sitting position. Sensei: Teacher, one who gives guidance along the way. Senshin: A purified heart and spirit; enlightened attitude Shihonage: ‘Four corner throw’ – a wrist / elbow lock, throw, and pin. Shikko: Knee walking exercise; trains student to move from the tanden. Shomen: The place housing the picture of O Sensei and the spirit of Aikido. Shomenuchi: Downward strike or cut to the top of the head. Shomentsuki: Thrust / punch between the eyes. Shinai: Split bamboo practice sword. Shugyo: The daily work to refine and purify the quality of life. Sumi O-Toshi: ‘Corner Throw’, sometimes a locked-elbow throw. Suwariwaza: Kneeling techniques. Tachi dori: Techniques of sword taking. Taijutsu: Empty handed techniques. Tanden: The hara, the center of mass, located about where the belt is tied. Tanto: Knife. In Aikido, we use a wooden tanto for training. Tanto dori: Techniques of knife taking. Tenkan: Pivoting, turning to dissipate force. Tenchinage: ‘Heaven and Earth throw’ Uke: One who receives. The person being thrown. Ukemi: Techniques of falling, rolling, and protecting yourself. Ushiro: Attacking from the rear Ura: To the rear. Yokomenuchi: A diagonal cut or strike. Yonkyo: ‘Fourth Technique’ – a wrist pressure point technique. Zanshin: Awareness of surroundings at all times (subconsciously).